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Pipeline Installation

Planning A Pipeline Installation

pipeline installationToday, pipeline systems are literally everywhere. They carry water to our homes and sewage away from them. They carry natural gas and petroleum through deserts, beneath oceans, across arctic ice and they even carry medical oxygen to the bedsides of hospital patients. Pipeline installation has become a service in great demand and one requiring specialist skills, knowledge and experience. A dependable pipeline installation can be equally important to the power and mining industries where they may be used to transport coolant or sludge respectively.

When planning a new pipeline installation, there are many factors to be considered and, in certain situations, this may include a detailed survey and some weeks of careful planning. Factories and plants are usually highly dynamic operations whose needs change fairly often and this may extend to the design of existing pipeline installation. Modifications, additions or repairs to the current installations are often needed and these contingencies as well as routine pipeline maintenance need to be well planned so as to avoid or, at least, minimise downtime.

The conditions that a pipeline installation may be subjected to are varied and may be quite extreme. High temperatures and corrosive materials to be transported are just some of the hazards to be overcome. When planning any pipeline, these factors must be considered in ensuring that the pipes to be installed are made from suitably resistant materials. A pipeline installation carries the material to be moved but pumps, pump stations and control systems are needed to initiate that movement and these too must be able to withstand the operational conditions.

It is clear, then, that any pipeline installation must be well planned, carefully installed and professionally maintained. Modifications and extensions need to be undertaken with minimum disruption to the pipeline’s operation as must any repairs that may be required. All these factors serve to emphasise the importance of employing a professional contractor with a proven track record and a portfolio of satisfied clients to undertake every aspect of pipeline installation of maintenance.

Designing Of Pipeline Systems and the Types of Pipes

Water distribution is a vital part of everyday life and designing of pipeline systems is therefore an important part of civil engineering. Water is something that every person uses every day and getting the water from it source to the tap requires pipeline systems.

The Journey of Water through Pipeline Systems

When pipeline systems are designed it charts the route that water to flow from its source to its destination of the user. This journey is supported by a network of pipes that take it from one point to another. The basic journey it travels is as follows:

  1. Source – This is where the raw, untreated water is collected from. It could be a well, dam, river or underground aquifer.
  2. Purification – Water travels to the water purification plant, where it is treated and purified.
  3. Water Storage – Water travels to a storage facility, like a water tank or reservoir, where it is kept until it is needed.
  4. End user – When water is needed, it travels by pipes to the end user. It flows out of tap or hydrants as it is needed.
  5. Water – Water that is not needed flows down drains into sewers or outlet pipes.

The Types of Pipes

In a pipeline system there are miles and miles of pipes used to transport water. These pipes come in different sizes for different uses and are made up from a variety of materials. Water pipes are suited for handling pressure and can withstand the force of transporting water.

Here are some of the pipes used in a pipeline system:

  • Steel Pipes – Steel pipes are most suited for transporting water long distances. Because they are made of metal they can be made in longer lengths and can be welded.
  • Cement Pipes – Cement is often used to make pipes. The advantage of cement over metal is that it is more resistant to corrosion. However, they are heavy and bulky and require heavy equipment to transport and install. Therefore, it can be most costly.
  • PVC Pipes – PVC pipes are light, inexpensive and easy to install. They come in a number of different lengths and diameters, and are resistant to chemicals or corrosion. A disadvantage is that are not suitable for places with extremely hot climates.

Designing of pipeline systems is a very complicated discipline and requires experts to put the plans into place.

Contact us, acknowledged professionals in the field of pipeline installation for this and all related needs.

Written by Dan McCarthy


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